Bwindi Impenetrable National park is situated in the South-western side of Uganda and spans at an area of 337 square kilometers and is a home to over 400 mountain gorillas (about half of the world’s population of these Giant Apes). Bwindi Impenetrable National park is exceptional in a way that it is the only place in the whole world where tourists can visit to enjoy the Gorilla Habituation Experience-where tourists are allowed to spend up to four hours with the mountain gorillas.

Bwindi Impenetrable National Park comprises of four different sectors that include Buhooma sector the home to Mubare family, Habinyanja and Rushegura gorilla group, Ruhija sector the home to Bitukura, Oruzogo and Kyaguriro research group, Nkuringo the home to the Nkuringo gorilla group and Rushaga in the Southern side with the highest number of mountain gorilla groups-Mishaya, Bweza, Busingye, Kahungye and Nshongi groups.

Visitors on gorilla trekking expeditions begin their search for mountain gorillas in anyone of the 4 major regions; Ruhija in the eastern side, Nkuringo and Rushaga in the southern side and Buhoma in the north. It is from these 4 gorilla trekking regions that the 20 habituated gorilla groups in Bwindi National Park are all distributed. Each habituated gorilla group rewards travelers on Uganda gorilla safari tour with unique experiences and about 160 gorilla permits are always available for booking. And because of high demand, we advise you to reserve your permit in advance before the actual trek.

Sectors of Bwindi Impenetrable Forest

Uganda is one of the best destinations to watch the mountain gorillas. When booking a gorilla trekking safari in Uganda, many travelers are puzzled with which particular gorilla group to book for their hiking expedition. There are several habituated gorilla groups in Uganda that are open for gorilla trekking and these have continuously attracted many tourists who look for this amazing experience! These groups are found in different areas within the Bwindi Impenetrable Forest.

Buhoma Area

There are several groups available for tracking. These include; the Mubare group, Habinyanja and Rushaga family. All these groups are found in the Buhoma Area (also referred to as main Bwindi) of Bwindi Impenetrable National Park. The Mubare group was the very first group to actually be habituated for gorilla tracking in Uganda and this was in 1993. It was named after the stunning Mubare hills in which this group was discovered.

The Habinyanja group was later habituated in 1997 for gorilla tracking and first received tourists in the year of 1999. at first the Habinyanja group was a huge group with many individuals. However the family split from and it was named Rushaga group. These two groups crisscross each other now and again and also co- exists peacefully. The Rushegura group was also habituated in 2000 for tracking and also received tourists in 2002 and it’s considered to be the huge group in Buhoma Area of Bwindi impenetrable National park.

Ruhija Area

The Ruhija region of Bwindi Impenetrable National park has also got different groups and these include; Bitakura group which is among the newest groups in Bwindi Impenetrable National park, this group is found and roams the verdant forest within the Ruhija area. The Rushaga region of Bwindi forest also habitant of Nshongi group as well as the Mishaya Gorilla family. The Mishaya group split from the biggest gorilla group in Bwindi forest the Nshogi gorilla family which still leaves in Rushaga region in southern forest.A gorilla trekking safari to Bwindi Impenetrable National park will expose you to all these groups of the Rushaga Region.

Rushaga Area


Within the Rushaga Area, the Nshogi group is currently the biggest habituated gorilla family in Uganda, it has got 25 members, some of the group members left to form another group which is called Mishaya group, and this family has greatly attracted many people to come for gorilla safaris to Uganda.

Nkuringo Area

The Nkuringo gorilla group is among the most physically challenging although rewarding region in the forest. The region has also got an accommodation facility which is called Nkuringo gorilla camp and this group comprise of 19 members and its favorite to people who have tracked over one group.